CPR, short for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is a procedure that is used to help save the life of an individual while professional medical assistance is on their way. CPR is used during emergencies and could be the difference between an individual living and dying.
If you do not know how to perform CPR or are not experienced administering CPR, healthcare professionals recommend providing exclusively “hands-only CPR.” You’ll follow the same easy three steps, as outlined below, with the exception of mouth-to-mouth rescue breaths. Continue to provide uninterrupted chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute until paramedics arrive.
To increase your knowledge and understanding of CPR, you can schedule a class at your local health center. It’s not difficult to learn, but the positive impact it can have on your life is immense.
If you have already taken a class in CPR, are well trained and are confident in your ability to perform CPR, first begin with chest compressions rather than beginning with rescue breathing. This will help to jumpstart the heart sooner. Start your CPR cycle with 30 chest compressions prior to checking the airway, follow up with giving rescue breaths and then repeat the cycle.
How Does CPR Save Lives?
As a rescue procedure, CPR is used on individuals who have become non-responsive and are not breathing. The causes of why an individual will stop breathing can vary, but knowing how to perform CPR can be the big difference between whether or not their body can resume normal breathing or heart rates.
CPR, when administered correctly, helps to encourage the body to resume regular patterns of heart beating and breathing by “jump starting” the body’s heart. You will be effectively helping the heart pump blood, which is essential for operating other vital organs like the lungs. This is crucial as it can decrease the likelihood of permanent damage to the body’s organs, especially the brain.
3 Easy Steps for CPR
Once you have learned CPR, it can be useful to get a reminder on how to administer CPR. Remember the three easy steps below:
The moment you discover that an individual is unresponsive (not breathing), you will want to call 911 immediately. The sooner that they can dispatch medical professionals, the better chance the individual will have of surviving.
If possible, keep the 911 operator on the phone, place the phone on speaker, and return to the unresponsive individual. The emergency dispatcher will be able to walk you through the steps of CPR if you have forgotten the steps or need a reminder.
If the person is still unresponsive, start by using chest compressions. Place your hand on the individual’s chest and press downwards about 2 inches. You may need to use your own bodyweight to assist with the chest compression. These chest compressions need to happen about 100-120 times per minute, meaning more than once per second.
These chest compressions are important for forcing the heart to pump blood when it can’t on its own, which is why it’s important to do chest compressions strongly and quickly.
After 30 chest compressions you’ll perform 2 breaths. A breath is done by tilting the individual’s chin back, pinching the nose, covering the mouth with your own and blowing until you see the chest rise. These breaths should take about 1 second each.
While you’re waiting for help to arrive, follow the instructions of your 911 dispatcher or follow the general rule of thumb of “30 compressions and 2 breaths,” repeating that process until help arrives.
Learn CPR Today!
If you don’t know when to perform CPR or how to administer CPR, give us a call today. We’ll tell you more about CPR and what you can do to learn how to perform emergency CPR. You’ll learn everything from how to go through the CPR steps to when CPR is needed, and more. Get started today!